Band-e Amir Lake, Bamyan / Flickr Creative Commons

Mountain Partners: Managing Environment and Disaster Risk in Afghanistan’s Central Highlands

Our Eco-DRR strategy in Bamyan, Afghanistan applies a landscape approach for sustainable and disaster-risk sensitive land-use planning. Improved land management provides livelihood benefits as well as re-establishes natural protective buffers, enhancing community resilience against disasters.

Title of case study

Mountain Partners: Managing Environment and Disaster Risk in Afghanistan’s Central Highlands.


Which HFA priority does the practice/case contribute to

Priority for Action 4


Harsh winters and floods, worsened by a growing population and decades of conflict, are placing major pressures on the natural resources that local communities depend on for their livelihoods.


The Koh-e Baba Mountain range, Bamyan province, Afghanistan.

How the problem was addressed?

The European Commission (EC) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) worked in 7 villages in the Bamyan province.

Innovative land use practices were introduced as well as enhancing traditional knowledge.

-       Community tree nurseries;

-       Reforestation and rehabilitation of slopes prone to avalanche and floods;

-       Trainings on early warning and disaster preparedness as well as the link between environment and disasters;

-       Cluster village development planning in three village clusters, based on the seven village development plans;

-       Cluster villages development plans into the Koh-e Baba Mountain Area District Plan, encompassing the Koh-e Baba watershed.


Project is still ongoing.

Measuring success

The project is assessing success in four key areas:

-       Eco-DRR mainstreamed into development policies and plans;

-       New partnerships and collaborative initiatives on Eco-DR;

-       Strengthened local / national capacities to implement Eco-DRR;

-       Field interventions on Eco-DRR demonstrate contribution to DRR in terms of hazard mitigation, exposure or vulnerability reduction or enhancing local resilience.

Relevance to HFA

Working closely with ANDMA (national disaster management authority), building national awareness and recognition of Eco-DRR solutions, mainstreaming of Eco-DRR in provincial level planning.

Did HFA OR Making Cities Resilient Campaign play a role in enabling this initiative? No

If yes, how / If no, what needs to be done in HFA2 to enable such initiatives? Recognition of sustainable ecosystem management as a solution to reducing disaster risks.

Potential for replication

These activities are pilot demonstrations enabling people to learn and implement it in vulnerable areas and places where they have the opportunity to do so.

Contribution by

UNEP Disaster Risk Reduction Programme Coordinator

UNEP Afghanistan Programme Manager

UNEP Afghanistan Field Coordinator

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