Rebuilding after Typhoon Haiyan

haiyan

Rebuilding after Typhoon Haiyan

The Typhoon Haiyan Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Recovery Plan (CRRP) is the Philippine Government’s Plan to build back better, faster, and safer in the areas devastated areas by Typhoon Haiyan. In less than one year, the government produced the CRRP adopting the Cluster Framework Approach, which pursues a consultative and participatory process among national and local government agencies, the private sector, development partners, civil society organizations and communities.

Title of case study

Rebuilding after Typhoon Haiyan: Using the Cluster Framework Approach in the Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Recovery Plan (Philippines)

Which priority of action does the practice/case contribute to

This case contributes to the 3 priorities of action in the HFA:

· 1. National and Local Priority;

· 3. Knowledge and Education;

· 4. Vulnerability Reduction.

Context

In November 8, 2013, the Philippines was struck by the strongest and fiercest typhoon that ever made landfall in recorded history. It affected around 1.5 million families, destroyed 1.2 million houses, and left 6,300 people dead. It devastated 171 cities and municipalities in 14 provinces and six regions located within the 100-km storm track. The typhoon hit some of the poorest provinces in the country. As a result, the people of the affected regions have been relegated to even worse poverty. Considerable interventions are required to build back better and bring the affected regions up to the targets envisioned under the national development plan.

Location

Philippines

How the problem was addressed?

To unify and coordinate the various rehabilitation and recovery efforts, the government appointed a Presidential Assistant for Rehabilitation and Recovery (PARR).

The PARR mobilized the Clusters composed of various national and local government agencies to develop the CRRP. The Infrastructure Cluster led by the Department of Public Works and Highways is responsible for rehabilitating and improving infrastructure to support recovery and rehabilitation as well as the enhancement of disaster resilience of affected communities.

The Department of Social Welfare and Development heads the Social Services Cluster, which facilitates the delivery of basic services such as education, health, as well as social protection, while strengthening capacity to cope with future hazards and disasters.

The Livelihood Cluster led by the Department of Trade and Industry is in charge of providing inclusive and sustainable business and livelihood. The Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) spearheads efforts to relocate affected families living in hazard prone areas to safe areas, and to develop sustainable disaster resilient settlements.

The main challenges are:

1. Magnitude of the destruction is massive and widespread;

2. Varying capacity of local and national government agencies and the affected communities to respond, recover and rehabilitate;

3. Massive coordination required in the rehabilitation and recovery phase;

4. Crosscutting policy and operational issues.

Lessons learned include the following:

1. Consultative and participatory approach to rehabilitation and recovery planning;

2. Strengthened multi-sectoral partnerships and enhanced coordination;

3. Better information dissemination before, during and after disaster;

4. Enhanced transparency and accountability systems.

What could have been done differently and why?

1. Stronger authority and mandate for the PARR to be able to address the complex issues in the rehabilitation and recovery.

2. Relevant and readily available baseline data (i.e. population, infrastructure, and other demographics).

3. Harmonized post-disaster needs assessment reports (national, local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as basis for rehabilitation and recovery planning.

Results

The Government produced a Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Recovery Plan, which articulates the over-all strategic vision and integrated programs and projects for the affected areas.

Measuring success

Key to the speedy development of the CRRP are:

1. Better coordination of government agencies through the Cluster Framework Approach;

2. Cooperation and support of stakeholders; and

3. Typhoon Haiyan rehabilitation and recovery is a priority of the government;

The impact/success was measured using the following indicators:

1. Timeliness – The CRRP was crafted and approved in less than one year from the time Typhoon Haiyan hit the country;

2. Comprehensive – The CRRP covers short- to medium-term multi-sectoral programmes and projects for 171 affected cities and municipalities in 14 provinces covering 6 regions;

3. Funding Support – The approved funding resource for the rehabilitation and recovery is one of the biggest allocation for a Philippine government intervention;

4. Consultative and participatory – Through the Cluster Framework Approach, a series of discussions were undertaken to ensure that the rehabilitation and recovery plans of the national government agencies, affected local government units, interventions from private sector and development partners, and assistance from civil society organizations are integrated in the CRRP and customized to the unique situation of each city, municipality, and province.

Relevance to HFA

This case supported the government’s efforts in achieving three HFA Priorities of Action:

1. National and Local Priority;

· 3. Knowledge and Education;

· 4. Vulnerability Reduction.

The CRRP Planning process has become a benchmark for future disaster rehabilitation and recovery planning.

The HFA and Making Cities Resilient Campaign raised the level of awareness among government agencies and affected communities on DRR, which resulted in local government units driving the rehabilitation and recovery planning at the local level.

Potential for Replication

The Cluster Framework Approach can definitely be replicated in every disaster rehabilitation and recovery planning because it involves basic elements of multi-sectoral coordination, and consultative and inclusive planning process.

The CRRP has provided a substantive contribution to international best practices in planning for post-disaster rehabilitation and recovery. In fact, it was utilized in the subsequent production of Global Facility Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) Disaster Recovery Framework.

Contribution by

Under Secretary Lesley Y. Cordero, Office of the Presidential Assistant for Recovery and Rehabilitation

Email address: lesley.cordero@gmail.com